Our changing seasons of the year are created by the Earth’s annual orbit around the sun.
During the June solstice, the sun travels along its northernmost path in the sky for the northern half of the globe, which results in the longest day and shortest night of the calendar year.
Litha is a pagan holiday, one of their eight festivals during the year. The festivals commemorating phases of the changing seasons are:
- Winter Solstice (Yule)
- Imbolc (Candlemas)
- Spring Equinox (Ostara)
- Beltane (May Eve)
- Summer Solstice (Litha)
- Lughnasadh (Lammas)
- Autumn Equinox (Mabon)
Litha (also known as Midsummer) occurs on the summer solstice, and celebrates the beginning of summer.
In Pagan times, certain cultures viewed the summer solstice as an important date in the calendar. For the Vikings it was the time to pray for an abundant harvest from the Norse gods of fertility, Freyia and Freyr. To increase their chances of success, Pagans would carry out certain rituals during Midsummer.
In Norway, Sunna is the Norse Sun Goddess, and she is honoured in that far north country, where the Sun barely sets, with bonfires that last all night long.
Midsummer folklore dictates that the summer solstice is a magical time where spirits and fairies are able to cross more easily into the human world. It’s a time to expect the unexpected and allow yourself to believe that wishes really can come true because there’s magic in the air…
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